The word hiking is understood in all English-speaking countries, but there are differences in usage. In some places, off-trail hiking is called cross-country hiking, bushwhacking, or bush-bashing. In the United Kingdom, hiking is a slightly old-fashioned word, with a flavor rather of 'heartiness' and 'exercise' than of 'enjoying the outdoors' (people in the UK would be more likely to use more modest terms such as hillwalking, or simply walking). Australians use the term bushwalking for both on- and off-trail hiking. New Zealanders use tramping (particularly for overnight and longer trips), walking or bushwalking. Hiking in the mountainous regions of Nepal and India is sometimes called trekking. Overnight hiking is called backpacking in some parts of the world. Hiking a long-distance trail from end to end is referred to as thru-hiking in some places. (Source: Wikipedia)
Kinds of hiking
- Backpacking or Trekking, a multi-day, often arduous hike especially in mountainous regions
- Thru-hiking, hiking a trail from end to end
- Amata, Joseph, On Foot, A History of Walking. New York: New York University Press, 2004.
- Gros, Frédéric. A Philosophy of Walking, trans. by John Howe. London, New York: Verso, 2014.
- Solnit, Rebecca, Wanderlust: A History of Walking. London: Penguin Books, 2001.
- Wikipedia - Hiking